Sleep Disorders

What are Sleep Disorders?

Sleep disorders indicate that you have a problem with either the timing of your sleep, the amount of sleep you get, or your sleep quality. Sleep disorders impact your day, as well as your night. They can cause you to have impairments to normal functioning and distress during the day. Insomnia is a common sleep disorder. Other typical sleep disorders may include restless leg syndrome, narcolepsy, and sleep apnea. In some cases, there have been links between other physical and mental problems. Sleep disorders can make mental health conditions worse.

If you have insomnia, you usually have a hard time falling asleep or staying asleep. If you have sleep apnea, you often have abnormal breathing patterns while you sleep. Restless leg syndrome includes discomfort in the legs and a desire to move your legs while falling asleep. Narcolepsy is when you suddenly fall asleep during the day.

Sleep disorder studies are tested to determine if you have a sleep disorder. These studies can help to create a plan for addressing a particular sleep disorder. Sleep disorder studies record numerous body functions while you sleep. This includes oxygen levels, heart rate, breathing, and brain waves. It records your leg and eye movements. This study is mostly performed overnight at a sleep center. It can be done during the day for those who work shifts and sleep more often during the day.

There are some typical signs of someone suffering from a sleep disorder. These include irregular breathing, sleepiness during the day, and a lot of movement while you sleep. Other signs include difficulty falling asleep and a poor sleep / wake cycle.


Sleep Apnea. CPAP. Sleeping.



Gasping for air during sleep

Breathing pauses at night

Tired/sleepy during the day

Drowsy driving

Morning headaches

Dry mouth


Sudden urge to move legs or an uncomfortable sensation in the legs

Worse during the evening or periods of rest

Relief from movement

Restless Leg Syndrome.


Excessive daytime sleepiness

Uncontrollable sleep attacks

Sleep paralysis

Loss of muscle tone associated with strong emotion

Hallucinations while going to sleep or waking up


Difficulty falling asleep

Difficult staying asleep

Poor concentration during the day

Ruminating about sleep

Fear/worrying about not being able to sleep


Insomnia. Can't Sleep.
Circadian Rhythm. Sleep Cycle.


Delayed sleep-wake phase

Advanced sleep-wake phase

Irregular sleep-wake rhythm

Non-24-hour sleep-wake rhythm

Shift work

Jet lag



Sleep terrors

Sleep eating disorder

Sleep paralysis

Sleep talking

Confusional arousals

Parasomnias. Sleep Walking. Sleep Eating